Sanhedrim

Sanhedrim
   More correctly Sanhedrin (Gr. synedrion), meaning "a sitting together," or a "council." This word (rendered "council," A.V.) is frequently used in the New Testament (Matt. 5:22; 26:59; Mark 15:1, etc.) to denote the supreme judicial and administrative council of the Jews, which, it is said, was first instituted by Moses, and was composed of seventy men (Num. 11:16, 17). But that seems to have been only a temporary arrangement which Moses made. This council is with greater probability supposed to have originated among the Jews when they were under the domination of the Syrian kings in the time of the Maccabees. The name is first employed by the Jewish historian Josephus. This "council" is referred to simply as the "chief priests and elders of the people" (Matt. 26:3, 47, 57, 59; 27:1, 3, 12, 20, etc.), before whom Christ was tried on the charge of claiming to be the Messiah. Peter and John were also brought before it for promulgating heresy (Acts. 4:1-23; 5:17-41); as was also Stephen on a charge of blasphemy (6:12-15), and Paul for violating a temple by-law (22:30; 23:1-10).
   The Sanhedrin is said to have consisted of seventy-one members, the high priest being president. They were of three classes (1) the chief priests, or heads of the twenty-four priestly courses (1 Chr. 24), (2) the scribes, and (3) the elders. As the highest court of judicature, "in all causes and over all persons, ecclesiastical and civil, supreme," its decrees were binding, not only on the Jews in Palestine, but on all Jews wherever scattered abroad. Its jurisdiction was greatly curtailed by Herod, and afterwards by the Romans. Its usual place of meeting was within the precincts of the temple, in the hall "Gazith," but it sometimes met also in the house of the high priest (Matt. 26:3), who was assisted by two vice-presidents.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • sanhedrim — 1580s, from Late Heb. sanhedrin (gedola) (great) council, from Gk. synedrion assembly, council, lit. sitting together, from syn together + hedra seat (see CATHEDRAL (Cf. cathedral)). Abolished at the destruction of Jerusalem, C.E. 70. The prop.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sanhedrim — Sanhedrin San he*drin, Sanhedrim San he*drim, n. [Heb. sanhedr[=i]n, fr. Gr. ?; ? with + ? a seat, fr. ? to sit. See {Sit}.] (Jewish Antiq.) the great council of the Jews, which consisted of seventy members, to whom the high priest was added. It… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • SANHEDRIM —    a council of the Jews which held its sittings in Jerusalem, and claimed authority and jurisdiction over the whole Jewish people; it was an aristocratic body, and was presided over by the high priest; its authority was limited from time to time …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sanhedrim — n. highest court of the ancient Jews during the Second Temple Period (ruled on administrative, judicial, and religious issues) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • sanhedrim — san·he·drim …   English syllables

  • sanhedrim — noun see sanhedrin …   Useful english dictionary

  • The Incarnation —     The Incarnation     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Incarnation     I. The Fact of the Incarnation     (1) The Divine Person of Jesus Christ     A. Old Testament Proofs     B. New Testament Proofs     C. Witness of Tradition     (2) The Human… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Annas —    Was high priest A.D. 7 14. In A.D. 25 Caiaphas, who had married the daughter of Annas (John 18:13), was raised to that office, and probably Annas was now made president of the Sanhedrim, or deputy or coadjutor of the high priest, and thus was… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • JUDICIA — in Rep. Rom. primum penes Senatum fuêrunt, ex lege Romuli, cuius meminir Dion. Halic. quod eriam longo rempore sub Consulibus observatum. Donec C. Sempronius Gracchus Tr. Pl. lege latâ, ea ad solos Equires transtulit, postquam paucis ante Annis… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sanhedrin — /san hed rin, hee drin, sahn , san i drin/, n. Jewish Hist. 1. Also called Great Sanhedrin. the highest council of the ancient Jews, consisting of 71 members, and exercising authority from about the 2nd century B.C. 2. Also called Lesser… …   Universalium

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